2nd grade is the stage when most young readers begin moving beyond the basics of decoding text into reading fluency and comprehension. 2nd-grade reading comprehension is an essential hallmark in their learning process. It determines whether they will be successful in their subsequent learning activities or not. For this reason, it is essential to ensure that your child has a strong background. It allows them to seamlessly and effortlessly tackle other learning activities that heavily rely on reading comprehension. And here’s how.
What is Reading Comprehension?
Well, in simple terms, we can define this as the connection to reading. Reading comprehension is gaining and decoding meaning from what they read. Though it is an intricate and convoluted process, most children can learn and understand what they’ve just read from a very early stage in life. However, for this to be possible, they have to use their minds and reflect on the meaning of what they hear. It requires teaching, guidance, and, most importantly, practice.
The Goal of 2nd Grade Reading Comprehension
The goal for second graders is to ensure that they comprehend the text. The kids are not only able to answer questions about the story but also pinpoint the evidence. They can do this by perusing the pages to back their answers. They show that they have understood by retelling the story in their own words. It indicates whether they know the characters and set and import events in the story or text. Reading comprehension for a 2nd grade can be achieved by incorporating various activities during the reading process. These include:
6. Home-based Activities
1. Reading at Home Everyday
Reading aloud or independently at home for enjoyment is perhaps the most effective daily routine to help your child strengthen their comprehension abilities. Create a warm reading environment. Make a reading corner with a big classroom bean bag or a reading chair and some of your child´s favorite books. This reading should be closely monitored, and after every session, the tutor or the parent needs to ask simple questions about the setting and characters in the story. Separate the corner with a classroom rug from the rest of the classroom. This should also include discussing the most exciting parts of the story with the child to connect what they have read with real-life situations. Living books are great books to keep your child´s interest in a story.
2. Ask Open-ended Questions
It is not uncommon to get trapped into asking simple and straightforward questions that elicit one-word or single phrase answers. Instead, ask them more complex questions to expand their thinking capacity and express their feelings freely.
For instance, you can ask them if they agree with the characters or let them explain in their own words what the story is all about. This trait could carry over from 1st-grade reading skills and engage high-level critical thinking, deepening their critical thinking while giving you a window into what they are thinking.
3. K-W-L charts
KWL charts are very effective tools to grab second-grade students’ attention to get them thinking of the story or text they just read. This method is ideal for non-fiction text, which deals with facts. And you do not have to write everything down. Questions can be posed to the child as they read. Though it is easy and quick, it will help the student delve deeper into the text or story they are reading.
4. Keep it Light
For a second-grader, animated stories are a great way to make reading fun. And asking for correct answers right after they have finished can suck the fun and joy from the whole experience. Therefore, focus on asking questions from a curious perspective to understand what the child thinks as they read the story or text. By so doing, they will feel that their thoughts and feelings are being appreciated, and it will help them understand what they are reading better.
5. Identify different Ways to Read.
Without a doubt, text and storybooks are the most effective tools to expose and introduce your kid to a higher level of thinking and new vocabulary. However, reading by themselves is not the best way to understand and build their vocabulary. Audiobooks and Vooks, animated read-aloud stories, will come in handy and provide the kid with lots of enjoyment.
6. Print-Friendly and PDFs
Another way of building comprehension skills is by using magazines or books, then asking them questions about what the stories are all about. And it doesn’t have to get complicated. Simple questions such as what happened to a character will go a long way to help your child build strong comprehension skills. Sometimes, worksheets can seem meaningless and potentially take the fun out of the reading. To avoid ruining the allure, design simple and concise worksheets geared towards helping your child understand what they read better. If you are using them and the child seems bored or shows no interest, try injecting some fun into the process and include regular brain break activities.
2nd-grade reading comprehension is all about helping the child make connections between what they read and real life. This not only sharpens their focus but also deepens their understanding. This will come in handy throughout the entire learning process. Teach them how to establish connections and if they are finding it hard to read. Don’t hesitate to use other methods and reading materials such as audiobooks and read-aloud. And since they have already developed some reading comprehension skills in first grade, this process should not be as hard as it seems. Success boils down to identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the child. It then capitalizes on them to help them understand and read fluently.