Designing an effective and actionable lesson plan demands and necessitates dedication, diligence and an empathetic understanding of your student’s abilities and goals. As with all teaching activities, the aim is to encourage and motivate learners to absorb, understand and retain as much content as possible. To achieve this, the teacher has to conduct the lesson plan outline exactly as it was designed. The thing is since there is a lot of what you can teach the students, it is necessary to set clear objectives and goals for your lesson to make sure that you cover the most relevant information and stay within the topic. By so doing, you can plan and execute your lesson to ensure that goals and objectives are holistically met.
Lesson information not only includes content but also the developmental and learning needs of the learners. When planning for a lesson, you should begin by understanding the needs of the students as well as the learning context. This entails what is to be taught, what students should be able to achieve and how performance is going to be gauged at the end of the lesson. You should also consider how long the lesson is going to take, whether it can be completed in a single session and also the resources required to complete it successfully.
Success here largely depends on the time frame, appropriate focus, activities, and revelation for students. In addition, it can also be determined by how much you as the teacher is able to match and tailor teaching strategies to the needs of your students.
Lesson Plan Outline Topics
It goes without saying that a lesson should always begin with a topic derived from your expectations, students need and the curriculum. And since it is anchored on a specific subject, it should be part of the larger curriculum. Even so, a topic can be determined by the questions students ask, community resources and other expectations as defined by content standards. When planning a topic, decide on the following:
Benchmarks and Performance Standards
Performance and benchmark standards for the topic need to be defined in advance since it is the only way you can access and evaluate how successful the session was.
Intended Learning Outcomes
When planning for a lesson, most of the focus is directed on the teaching method, content, and materials. Though these are important and indispensable, the whole process becomes more effective if attention is focused on the outcomes of the session.
Provide a Focus for Instructional Planning
This sets the stage for learning, teaching, and evaluation. It calls for defining how the lesson will be conducted and evidenced. Therefore, go ahead and write down expected learning outcomes. For instance, it can be: At the end of the lesson, students should be able to define…
When planning for the topic, consider carefully the resources you will be used to support the learning and teaching process. These can be textbooks, websites, discussions, movies and other forms of media be it digital print, audio or video.
Before the lesson begins, inform the students of what will be learned and the objectives of the session. Each description should include a brief overview of what you will be doing as the instructor and what the students are expected to do. By so doing, you will be imparting your students with high order thinking and discerning tools so that they can be in a better position to comprehend and absorb and synthesize the content. Moreover, explain any modifications that you will be made to accommodate special needs students and don’t forget to inform them on how long the topic is going to take to be fully covered, the time frame for each activity if any, and the number of activities that they can practically get involved with within the time allocated for the lesson.
This is literary the meat of your entire lesson plan. It includes how you will be introducing the topic as outlined in the learning objectives. Outline how you are going to prepare your learners by introducing them to vocabularies and concepts that will be covered in the lesson. By introducing them to such things in advance, they will be in a better position to focus their energy in comprehending the text and learning the concepts.
Be clear and concise bearing in mind that less is more as long as you are within the topic under question. You also need to decide on the materials you will be using for instruction. These can be a board, document or other forms of media as outlined above. If the lesson will be involving a process, plan in advance of how you are going to demonstrate it to them. When in class, take your time and emphasize that the students need to be attentive and keen since they will able to understand and absorb what is being taught better. Last but not least, include a list of examples that will be used to demonstrate the concepts and theories within the topic.
Wrap Up the Lesson
Conclude the session by restating the objectives and expected learning outcomes. Finally, decide how to warp up the activities. For instance, will your students be required to reflect on what they have learned? Will they be taking any tests or homework?
After you are done teaching the lesson, sit back and reflect on how the entire session was. Start by asking a few of these questions. Did your students accomplish the intended learning objectives and outcomes? Why not or why? Also, evaluate your role in their failure or success. Were the instructions clear enough? Was the lesson completed within an appropriate time frame? Which activities would you consider doing for the next session and what you consider doing differently for the next session?
Throughout the execution of the lesson plan outline, it is imperative to recognize and imbue the linguistic and cultural differences of all students. This will make every student feel that they are part of the session and that their needs are adequately considered during the entire session.